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The uncertainty of a battery’s performance poses a challenge to the implementation of these functions. State evaluation of a battery, including state of charge, state of health, and state of life, is a critical task for a BMS.
This is because the number of cells in a vehicle’s battery is hundreds of times greater than that in portable electronics.
The data logging function plays an important role in database establishment, which stores the driving pattern.
This profile can help to build up and update the state of charge (SOC) model.
Major concerns for current vehicles’ BMSs are analyzed in Section 3.
Section 4 explains the techniques, algorithms, and methods applied for solving the key concerns with BMSs, while Section 5 proposes and analyzes a BMS with multiple functions.